2015. 2012. Content created by Alpha History may not be copied, republished or redistributed without our express permission. The earliest citation for "Vietcong" in English is from 1957. The most admirable thing about this fall's PBS series on the Vietnam War is the way in which it forces American audiences to confront the genius of North Vietnam's strategy. For example, the search Subject: sources AND (Subject: (viet OR vietnam*) produces books including: Ho Chi Minh recalls his conversion to Leninism (1967) US Department of Defence pamphlet: Know Your Enemy: the Viet Cong (March 1966) Web. Lyndon Johnson on the political aims of the Vietnam War (June 1966) For more information, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. - United Press International photo from an official communist source. (Univ. Viet Cong guerrillas in small boats patrol the Saigon River in South Vietnam Created / Published 1966. A US intelligence report on the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam (July 1963) The US Congress’ Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (August 1964) This collection of Vietnam War documents has been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors. VietCong GUERRILLA Tactics. After the debacle of the broad Tet Offensive, the Viet Cong had returned to guerrilla tactics and tended to avoid direct encounters with U.S. forces. Le Duan reminds communist agents in the South of tactics (November 1965) A US intelligence briefing on the military situation in Vietnam (August 1974) Lonely Planet, 3 Mar. It contains 184,073 words in 261 pages and was updated last on June 11th. Tactics of the Vietcong United States evacuation from Vietnam Current name for the united South and North Vietnam Skills Practiced . The Tactics of Home Defense - Primary Source Edition: Callwell, Charles Edward: Amazon.sg: Books History : Military: Primary Sources -- WWII. The earliest citation for Viet Cong in English is from 1957. Edict of Emperor Minh Mang against Christians in Vietnam (1833) Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Largely due to its use by leaders like Mao Zedong in China and Ho Chi Minh in North Vietnam, guerrilla warfare is generally thought of in the West only as a tactic of communism. New documents and extracts will be added regularly. Class Share: After students complete their primary source analysis, you can have the class or small groups regroup and share what they noticed and … This logistics organization contributed to the defeat of their American and South Vietnamese (GVN/Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)) opponents during the Vietnam War. In order for the troops to have a more suitable weapon for the war in Vietnam, Robert McNamara, Secretary of Defense, ordered M16 as a replacement of M14 in 1964.At first, M16 receiv… Guerrilla warfare is a very unconventional style of warfare; it refers to small conflicts where groups of stealthy combatants use the element of surprise to eliminate the opponent. General Sources ... civil war, history, military history, vietnam war, world war i, world war ii, wwii. The inauguration speech of Duong Van Minh (April 1975) Combined Arms Research Library. Richard Nixon announces the deployment of US troops in Cambodia (April 1970) What clues can you gather about the time, place, players, and culture? Paul, Ron J. Marvin Gettleman, et al. Seymour Hersh breaks the story of the My Lai killings (1969) Robert F. Kennedy’s Kansas State University speech (March 1968) During the early years of the Vietnam War, insurgency and guerrilla warfare was the Viet Cong’s main tactics. Gale Primary Sources is a universal research experience that combines Gale's acclaimed digital archives in a single cross-search interface. Web. Cross examination of Lieutenant William Calley (1970) Subjects: Primary Sources Tags: history , primary sources , war Trible Library provides links to other websites to aid in research and is not responsible for the content or privacy policy of those sites. A research guide to primary and secondary sources for military history. By the mid-1960s, most main force Vietcong troops were armed with Chinese versions of the Russian AK-47 submachine gun. Ancestry. Rusk and McNamara urge US involvement in Vietnam (November 1961) President Eisenhower's letter to South Vietnamese leader Ngo Dinh Diem promising aid against the North, October 1954. Different versions of the AK-47, along with various types of machine guns, booby traps, mortars, land mines and grenades, were provided by China. Further reading. Other areas of the site contain secondary-source content, so be careful to distinguish between the two. History : Military: Primary Sources -- WWII. ‘Cable 243’ discusses the removal of Ngo Dinh Diem (August 1963) President Gerald Ford on America’s post-Vietnam recovery (April 1975). Peter Alan Lloyd. In contrast to this, the Americans used tactics such as 'Search and Destroy' which heavily increased support for the Vietcong due to the ridiculous amount of damage and unnecessary casualties of the peasants. Augustine Heard, an American traveller, reports on Indochina (1886) A map of North and South Vietnam during the Vietnam War showing major air bases and the communists' supply routes, including the Ho Chi Minh Trail. HANOI, VIETNAM—Forty years ago, on April 30, 1975, Nguyen Dang Phat experienced the happiest day of his life. ... And due to our Tet losses and a change in American tactics, all of our units had to retreat into Cambodia. This was a smart way of trying to win the war, but caused a lot of dislike and distrust to our Government. This willingness to allow documentation of the war extended to the military's own photographers—who captured thousands of The term Việt Cộng appeared in Saigon newspapers beginning in 1956. Notes . U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, The Human Cost of Communism in Vietnam (1972), part I, part II, part III, and part IV. The Library. A Viet Cong member reflects on the movement’s approach to war (1985) It took five days. Ho Chi Minh’s declaration of independence for Vietnam (September 1945), Final declaration of the Geneva Conference on Indochina (July 1954) Viet Minh call to arms against the Japanese (March 1945) Ho Chi Minh’s declaration of independence for Vietnam (September 1945) North and South Vietnam. Total VC/NVA fighting strength is controversially estimated by the American Military Assistance Command- Vietnam (MACV) at around 180,000 men in 1964. However, history has shown this to be a misconception, as a multitude of political … The suicide note of Hanoi governor Hoang Dieu (1882) South Vietnam’s president Nguyen Van Thieu resigns (April 1975) Primary Menu Skip to content. It was a war fought between the communist Viet Cong from North Vietnam, and the democratic South Vietnamese, who the United States was trying to protect from expanding communist threat. For related articles on logistics and tactics see: Viet Cong and PAVN logistics and equipment and Viet Cong and PAVN battle tactics; The National Liberation Front, (NLF) in this article, identifies an umbrella of front groups, sympathizers and allies set up by the rulers of North Vietnam to conduct the insurgency in South Vietnam. The tunnels were used by Viet Cong guerrillas as hiding spots during combat, as well as serving as communication and supply routes, hospitals, food and weapon caches and living quarters for numerous guerrilla fighters. They were allied with North Vietnam and the troops of Ho Chi Minh, who sought to conquer the south and create a unified, communist state of Vietnam. US news report on the imminent fall of Saigon (April 1975) For the next thousand years Vietnam struggled to gain its independence from its much larger neighbour. This link opens in a new window; Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection. The Vietnam War. With the most advanced efforts of the U.S., these primitive tactics still proved effective in combat. Primary Sources (1) Vietminh directives (1948) (1) Not to do what is likely to damage the land and crops or spoil the houses and belongings of the people. This video was shown to all of the troops in America before heading out to war in Vietnam. "Cu Chi, Vietnam - Lonely Planet." University of Washington Libraries Box 352900 Seattle, WA … tactics, much of this ... spheres of planning and execution as they associate with those of the Viet Cong. - The Vietnam War." See more ideas about vietnam war, vietnam, war. Names [edit | edit source]. (2) Not to insist on buying or borrowing what the people are not willing to sell or lend. An American draft-dodger explains his actions (1967) Newspaper and television crews documented this war much more intensely than they did earlier conflicts. The jungle canopy also allowed North Vietnam to continually supply the Viet Cong with reinforcements and supplies along routes -- particularly the Ho Chi Minh Trail -- that could not be detected by U.S. air power. Expanding the Narrative . The strategy and tactics of the National Liberation Front were very much based on those used by Mao Zedong in China. Subject Headings - Guerrillas--Vietnamese--Vietnam (Republic)--1960-1970 - Vietnam War, 1961-1975 Headings Photographic prints--1960-1970. As the United States increasingly escalated its military presence in Vietnam in support of a non-Communist regime in South Vietnam beginning in the early 1960s, North Vietnamese an… Ho Chi Minh calls for Vietnamese unity against the French (February 1930) Although accurate and powerful with its 7.62mm ammunition, M14 was heavy and unwieldy. Viet Minh call to arms against the Japanese (March 1945) Program of the National Liberation Front or Viet Cong (1962) US news report on the signing of the Paris peace agreement (January 1973) Robert McNamara proposes increases in US troops in Vietnam (July 1965) Look at the links in the left-hand menu under the heading "Collections" for primary sources, including proclamations, letters and diaries, maps, and more. John Kerry anti-war testimony to the US Senate (April 1971) Primary Source: New York Times' Article on Tribute to Vietnam Dead Go to The Vietnam War After American Involvement: Help and Review Vietcong: Definition & Tactics Related Study Materials GCSE Vietnam War Perfect for Edexcel, AQA, OCR, iGSCE Full lesson on the effectiveness of Guerilla Tactics by the Vietcong Looking at the impact and how successful were Vietcong tactics during the Vietnam War. Trailer The Vietcong Tunnels and Cu Chi Booby Traps Primary Source Personal Experience Sources United States Troops Briefing Video. Primary Sources ... Vietnam. Oriana Fallaci : La vie, la guerre et puis rien [réédition] 03/04/2020 guerillera. The Vietcong tactics in Vietnam can be summed up by the acronym PEG - Peasants, Enemy and Guerilla. An American reporter discusses South Vietnamese military weaknesses (1973) Gulf of Tonkin Resolution . of Texas at Arlington) By 1964 the VC, supported by smaller numbers of NVA, were increasingly effective, conducting attacks in regimental strength. The War Powers Act curtails the president’s authority to wage war (November 1973) All lesson activities and resources included. 27 Apr. This was achieved in 938 AD. Viet Cong forces also struck hard at American air assets, destroying or damaging large numbers of US aircraft during daring raids at the Bien Hoa in 1964, and Pleiku in 1965. Tunnels were often dug by hand, only a short distance at a time. They also used a range of effective Soviet and Chinese light and medium machine guns, and infrequently, heavy machine guns. President Johnson justifies American involvement in Vietnam (April 1965) Imperial War Museum: Posters of … (Source 19) The American military accordingly carried out several bombing campaigns that attempted to vanquish the insurgency in the South by eroding the Ho Chi Minh Trail, the foundation and primary transportation medium for guerrilla warfare and the Viet Cong. It is a contraction of Việt Nam Cộng-sản (Vietnamese communist), or alternatively Việt gian cộng sản ("Communist Traitor to Vietnam"). Notes - Title from news agency caption. Primary Sources Online - Vietnam War Virtual Vietnam Archive. US Senate debate on the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (August 1964) Primary source translations that are in the Tricollege libraries will often be listed in Tripod under subject terms using the word "sources" or "autobiograph*" or "personal narratives." US tactics adopted in order to counter the increasing occurance of Viet Cong mortar and recoilless rifle attacks on static installations in Vietnam. The Vietnam War Primary Sources . Excerpts from the Paris Peace Accords (January 1973) (Univ. Additionally, the guerilla nature of the Viet Cong troops and the non-uniformity of many North Vietnamese forces makes it difficult to speak of their equipment in comparison to the United States. Viet Cong Tunnels and Traps – Platoon: The True Story. Historical records preserved at the National Archives provide insight into this critical period. Eléonore Lépinard genre La Découverte Marylène Lieber Repères théorie. Look at the links in the left-hand menu under the heading "Collections" for primary sources, including proclamations, letters and diaries, maps, and more. US security briefings on Ngo Dinh Diem and his regime (1958-1960) Primary Sources and Teaching Activities. An American press report on the Binh Xuyen (April 1955) Colonel Robert Heinl: The Collapse of the Armed Forces (1971) Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project . DocsTeach. Many Americans felt that our interference was meddling with a civil war. John F. Kennedy addresses the UN on Laos and Vietnam (September 1961) How effective were the tactics used by the US during the Vietnam War? The rain forests, mountains and swampland of Vietnam provided the Viet Cong with an unlimited amount of well-concealed staging areas impenetrable by U.S. ground forces. Formed by Vietnam veterans in 1989 with a mission to “collect and preserve the documentary record of the Vietnam War.” Contains more than 550,000 items for searching and browsing. Our army had to be restructured afterward. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. 6RAR soldiers push through dense scrub in search of retreating Viet Cong after battle at Long Tan(AWM). The White House’s response to the Geneva declaration (July 1954) NSC memorandum on US policy in South Vietnam Vietnam War theatre A map of North and South Vietnam during the Vietnam War showing major air bases and the communists' supply routes, including the … Soldiers to dislike the Vietnam and to have motivation to win the war. Ngo Dinh Diem addresses a joint session of the US Congress (1957) Smith, John J. In particular, heavy machine guns were valued for defense against American helicopters. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Subject listings of primary sources available online: free web collections as well as UCSD subscription-based resources. A CIA report on Viet Cong weaknesses and vulnerabilities (July 1965) - No. Cross examination of Captain Ernest Medina (1970), Muhammad Ali explains his refusal to fight in Vietnam (March 1967) A Viet Cong guerrilla tells of the Tet offensive (1968) China was a primary source of weaponry and equipment to the Viet Cong. ‘Hanoi Jane’ Fonda’s broadcast from North Vietnam (August 1972) to the present day. It is a contraction of Việt Nam Cộng-sản, (Vietnamese communist), or alternatively Việt gian cộng sản ("Communist Traitor to Vietnam"). Guerrilla fighters used these weapons to bring down American helicopters and disable other US military equipment. In 111 BC, Vietnam became part of the Chinese Empire. Kennedy pledges support for Diem and South Vietnam (December 1961) Primary Sources Online - Vietnam War Virtual Vietnam Archive. References. Robert McNamara reflects on America’s failures in Vietnam (1995) EAS1533935 (NS). Here he tells of his experiences during and after the Tet Offensive of 1968: “During the Tet offensive of 1968, we attacked the Bien Hoa Airport. The Viet Cong and the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN or North Vietnamese Army) used well-organized logistics methods to supply and equip their fighting forces. The Viet Cong (Vietnamese: Việt cộng, listen ), or National Liberation Front (NLF), was a political organization and army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War (1959–1975). A US intelligence report on Soviet aid to North Vietnam (November 1965), US Military Assistance Command memo on winning the Vietnam War (September 1965) The US used many tactics during the war with Vietnam and the tactics used were usually for one of two purposes: to destroy the Vietcong or win over the peasantry, which was what the population of Vietnam generally consisted of. Ngo Dinh Diem explains why he rejects national elections (July 1955) They took rice from villagers at gunpoint, carried out incredible numbers of targeted assassinations against people who supported the South Vietnamese government, and perpetrated the Hue Massacre during the Tet Offensive , in which anywhere from 3,000 to 6,000 civilians and prisoners of war were summarily … Their … Vietcong military tactics. A report into French atrocities in Vietnam (1933) An Australian press report on the Tet offensive (February 1968) Viet Cong and PAVN battle tactics; Kit Carson Scouts, former Viet Cong who worked with U.S. Marines; People's Army of Vietnam, the North Vietnamese army. If you would like to contribute or suggest a document for inclusion here, please contact Alpha History. ... A Viet Cong guerrilla on the Tet Offensive (1968) Nguyen Tuong Lai was a Viet Cong guerrilla. Largest online source for information on the Vietnam War. During the war in Vietnam, thousands of people in the Vietnamese province of Cu Chi lived in an elaborate network of underground tunnels. This powerful platform greatly enhances the research experience for students and researchers by broadening their discovery of primary source documents through the use of multiple search options and research tools. Ngo Dinh Diem decrees the death sentence for a wide range of crimes (May 1959) Guerrilla Tactics In December 1965, Ho Chi Minh and the North Vietnamese leadership ordered a change in a way the war in the South was to be fought. Note the curated subject guides on many topics for help digging into the wealth of … 2012. Nguyen Tuong Lai was a Viet Cong guerrilla. This Vietnam War website is created and maintained by Alpha History. An American general reflects on US and North Vietnamese tactics (1984) McGeorge Bundy memo on attacking North Vietnam (February 1965) Digital Military Collection. 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