Malachi 2:17: “in them; or, Where is the God of judgment?”, Malachi 3:5: “And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers,” INT: Israel he an ordinance of the God of Jacob, Psalm 89:14 To “do justice” is to do what is right; but it is also to have mercy. As Tim Keller explains, The Hebrew word for “justice,” mishpat, occurs in its various forms more than 200 times in the Hebrew Old Testament. HEB: וְלַמֹּעֲדִ֑ים בְּמִסְפָּ֨ר כְּמִשְׁפָּ֧ט עֲלֵיהֶ֛ם תָּמִ֖יד KJV: in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, KJV: on their office according to their order. KJV: to the king for judgment, then Absalom Ezekiel 20:21: “in my statutes, neither kept my judgments to do them, which if a man do,” NAS: His statutes and His ordinances to Israel. INT: follow their statutes their ordinances the law the commandments, 2 Kings 17:37 Ezekiel 7:27: “shall be troubled: I will do unto them after their way, and according to their deserts will I judge them; and they shall know that” 5.7). KJV: ye hearken to these judgments, and keep, KJV: and it clothed me: my judgment [was] as a robe In Micah 6:8, “mishpat puts the emphasis on the action, chesedh puts it on the attitude [or motive] behind the action.” To walk with God, then, we must do justice, out of merciful love. INT: and night may maintain the cause of his servant and the cause, 1 Kings 8:59 KJV: The king by judgment establisheth or collect. KJV: of thee? KJV: his commandments, and his judgments, and his statutes, HEB: צִוִּיתִ֑יךָ חֻקַּ֥י וּמִשְׁפָּטַ֖י תִּשְׁמֹֽר׃ The Oldest Question: Why does suffering exist. NAS: will bring you to judgment for all We care about justice because of justice, because it's right. INT: now this become due shall be the priests’ the people, Deuteronomy 19:6 Hosea 5:11: “Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after” INT: before the congregation judgment until the death, Joshua 24:25 KJV: he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. NAS: The exercise of justice is joy INT: of GOD our Lord and his ordinances and his statutes, Job 8:3 Isaiah 59:9: “Therefore is judgment far from us, neither doth justice overtake” KJV: to discern judgment; HEB: רָ֑ע וְעֵ֣ת וּמִשְׁפָּ֔ט יֵדַ֖ע לֵ֥ב INT: Indeed the way of your judgments LORD have waited, Isaiah 26:9 NAS: When I learn Your righteous judgments. In Hebrew righteousness, there are a few words that come from one root, but tzedakah is the most common expression of the root. NAS: I have not turned aside from Your ordinances, For You Yourself NAS: My commandments and My ordinances, as is done now.’ NAS: abhors My ordinances so as not to carry Its most basic meaning is to treat people … LN 33 plan, formally, prescription, i.e., a graphic or verbal description of how to build something (Ex 26:30; 1Ki 6:38), see also domain LN 7.77–7.79; 8. In a civilized society, mishpatim are the backbone of everyday life, allowing it to be orderly so that it can also be productive. NAS: speaks what is right. HEB: יָב֥וֹא עִ֝מְּךָ֗ בַּמִּשְׁפָּֽט׃ NAS: My statutes and My ordinances, NAS: His commandments and His ordinances, and listen KJV: And the statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, HEB: חַרְבִּ֔י וְתֹאחֵ֥ז בְּמִשְׁפָּ֖ט יָדִ֑י אָשִׁ֤יב INT: the strength of the King justice loves You, Psalm 99:4 NAS: will be exalted in judgment, And the holy NAS: and let him teach them the custom of the god Amos 5:24 says, “But let justice roll down like water, righteousness like an ever-flowing stream.”. INT: is a God of justice the LORD blessed, Isaiah 32:1 the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstr. KJV: the congregation for judgment, [and] until the death The Hebrew lexicon is Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon; this is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." INT: shall not pervert the justice your needy his dispute, Exodus 24:3 NAS: and all My ordinances and do Isaiah 49:4: “for naught, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the LORD, and my work with” HEB: וְאִ֥ם אֶת־ מִשְׁפָּטַ֖י תִּגְעַ֣ל נַפְשְׁכֶ֑ם Isaiah 53:8: “He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation?” NAS: I have done justice and righteousness; NAS: His statutes, His ordinances, and His commandments. HEB: תְּחִנָּתָ֑ם וְעָשִׂ֖יתָ מִשְׁפָּטָֽם׃ NAS: them just ordinances and TRUE INT: A loud and cut to their custom swords and lances, 1 Kings 20:40 You shall therefore be careful NAS: from the LORD, And the justice due me escapes the notice INT: golden the ten the way set the temple, 2 Chronicles 4:20 HEB: תַעֲשׂ֥וּ עָ֙וֶל֙ בַּמִּשְׁפָּ֔ט לֹא־ תִשָּׂ֣א right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style:—+ adversary, ceremony, charge, × crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, fashion, form, to be judged, judgment, just (-ice, -ly), (manner of) law (-ful), manner, measure, (due) order, ordinance, right, sentence, usest, × worthy, + wrong. INT: shall not distort justice not respect, Deuteronomy 17:8 HEB: לִ֭נְצֹר אָרְח֣וֹת מִשְׁפָּ֑ט וְדֶ֖רֶךְ [חֲסִידֹו INT: shall do wrong judgment measurement of weight, Leviticus 19:37 Ezekiel 18:9: “Hath walked in my statutes, and hath kept my judgments, to deal truly; he is just,” In Micah 6:8 the Hebrew word for just is mishpat. NAS: but there is no justice. KJV: after their former manner. NAS: according to the earlier customs: they do not fear KJV: and seeking judgment, and hasting HEB: עֹשֶׂ֤ה מִשְׁפָּ֨ט ׀ לָעֲשׁוּקִ֗ים נֹתֵ֣ן INT: shall carry and Aaron the judgment of the sons of Israel, Leviticus 5:10 HEB: אִ֔ישׁ כִּ֥י הַמִּשְׁפָּ֖ט לֵאלֹהִ֣ים ה֑וּא INT: the statutes and the ordinances and the law and the commandment, 2 Kings 17:40 NAS: of All the ordinances of Your mouth. HEB: יְהוָ֑ה וְ֝יָשָׁ֗ר מִשְׁפָּטֶֽיךָ׃ NAS: and all My ordinances and do Ezekiel 20:24: “Because they had not executed my judgments, but had despised my statutes, and had polluted my sabbaths,” KJV: thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit INT: the ruler’s the LORD justice man, Ecclesiastes 3:16 HEB: נַ֭פְשִׁי וּֽתְהַֽלְלֶ֑ךָּ וּֽמִשְׁפָּטֶ֥ךָ יַעֲזְרֻֽנִי׃ INT: my statutes and all my ordinances and do not, Leviticus 24:22 NAS: administered justice and righteousness INT: the needy and rob of rights the poor of my people, Isaiah 16:5 This is distributive justice. KJV: of the afflicted, [and] the right of the poor. The Hebrew noun מִשְׁפָּט mishpat refers to the just judgments that follow from God’s righteous character. NAS: And He will not do violence to justice and abundant HEB: לְבֵית־ יְהוָה֙ כְּמִשְׁפָּטָ֔ם בְּיַ֖ד אַהֲרֹ֣ן HEB: מִ֫זְמ֥וֹר חֶֽסֶד־ וּמִשְׁפָּ֥ט אָשִׁ֑ירָה לְךָ֖ NAS: in security, after the manner of the Sidonians, During that time the Master, may He be blessed, was completely hidden from the world, as if, God forbid, He left the land, and does not see or hear the … In Micah 6:8, “mishpat puts the emphasis on the action, chesedh puts it on the at-titude [or motive] behind the action.”18 To walk with … KJV: upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. NAS: the statutes and the judgments which INT: the sun the place of justice there is wickedness, Ecclesiastes 5:8 HEB: שָׁ֔ם אֻלָ֥ם הַמִּשְׁפָּ֖ט עָשָׂ֑ה וְסָפ֣וּן You shall not be afraid of man, because judgment belongs to God Deuteronomy 1:17 Judgment – In Hebrew thought, no principle of justice is more important than this one. KJV: the statutes and judgments which the LORD HEB: יָגֹ֑רְתִּי כִּ֖י מִשְׁפָּטֶ֣יךָ טוֹבִֽים׃ Isaiah 58:2: “did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances” HEB: אֶתְכֶ֗ם חֻקִּים֙ וּמִשְׁפָּטִ֔ים כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוַּ֖נִי Ezekiel 5:7: “my judgments, neither have done according to the judgments of the nations that are round about” NAS: you statutes and judgments just INT: Guarding the paths of justice the way godly, Proverbs 2:9 HEB: חֻקֹּתָ֤יו מִצְוֹתָיו֙ וּמִשְׁפָּטָ֣יו וְעֵדְוֹתָ֔יו כַּכָּת֖וּב Mishpat : mish-pawt' Parts of Speech: TWOT : Noun Masculine : 2443c Definition : judgment, justice, ordinance judgment act of deciding a case place, court, seat of judgment process, procedure, litigation (before judges) case, cause (presented for judgment) sentence, decision (of judgment) execution (of judgment) time (of judgment) HEB: הַחֻקִּ֣ים וְאֶת־ הַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֧ר אָנֹכִ֛י "Human Rights in Tort Law and in Contract law - the Quiet Revolution" (with D. Barak-Erez) 8 Kiryat Mishpat (2009) (Hebrew). NAS: his life, though he was not deserving of death, HEB: צְדָק֣וֹת יְהוָ֑ה וּ֝מִשְׁפָּטִ֗ים לְכָל־ עֲשׁוּקִֽים׃ KJV: and maintain their cause. HEB: עַ֥ם חֶרְמִ֖י לְמִשְׁפָּֽט׃ a participant’s right or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style:— + adversary, ceremony, charge, × crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, fashion, form, to be judged, judgment, just (-ice, -ly), (manner of) law (-ful), manner, measure, (due) order, ordinance, right, sentence, usest, × worthy, + wrong. HEB: יוֹר֤וּ מִשְׁפָּטֶ֙יךָ֙ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב וְתוֹרָתְךָ֖ HEB: הַתּוֹרָ֛ה וְהַֽחֻקִּ֥ים וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֖ים בְּיַד־ מֹשֶֽׁה׃ KJV: I would order [my] cause before NAS: will You execute judgment on those who persecute INT: These are the statutes and ordinances and laws which, Numbers 9:3 HEB: לֹא־ תַטֶּ֣ה מִשְׁפָּ֔ט לֹ֥א תַכִּ֖יר HEB: וְנִגְּשׁ֥וּ אֶל־ הַמִּשְׁפָּ֖ט וּשְׁפָט֑וּם וְהִצְדִּ֙יקוּ֙ KJV: [is] a God of judgment: blessed INT: will bring God to judgment, Ecclesiastes 12:14 Strong's Number H4941 matches the Hebrew מִשְׁפָּט (mishpat), which occurs 426 times in 403 verses in the Hebrew concordance of the NASB Page 1 / 9 (Gen 18:19–Deu 4:8) Jon: That's interesting because people would just say justice is the standard. NAS: of the LORD, And His ordinances with Israel. Ezekiel 7:23: “the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.” HEB: לְהַטּ֥וֹת צַ֝דִּ֗יק בַּמִּשְׁפָּֽט׃ NAS: are the commandments and the ordinances which KJV: careless, after the manner of the Zidonians, Amos 5:15: “and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God” KJV: and they gave judgment upon him. INT: God pervert adversary does the Almighty, Job 9:19 word "mishpat." HEB: רוּחִי֙ עָלָ֔יו מִשְׁפָּ֖ט לַגּוֹיִ֥ם יוֹצִֽיא׃ NAS: For all His ordinances were before NAS: to do justice and righteousness. It’s most basic meaning is something like to give people their due or to treat people fairly. (Uh oh, stay with me.) HEB: נֶאֱמָנָ֑ה מְלֵאֲתִ֣י מִשְׁפָּ֗ט צֶ֛דֶק יָלִ֥ין HEB: מֵיְהוָ֔ה וּמֵאֱלֹהַ֖י מִשְׁפָּטִ֥י יַעֲבֽוֹר׃ KJV: quicken me according to thy judgment. KJV: before the congregation in judgment. Rectifying justice is represented in passages like Micah 6:8. As we contemplate the U.S. Supreme Court, it's time to revisit the word "Tzedek," the Hebrew word for justice. NAS: and offered it according to the ordinance. HEB: וּ֝לְעוֹלָ֗ם כָּל־ מִשְׁפַּ֥ט צִדְקֶֽךָ׃ HEB: אַ֭שְׁרֵי שֹׁמְרֵ֣י מִשְׁפָּ֑ט עֹשֵׂ֖ה צְדָקָ֣ה God does mishpat, and therefore the people of God are to do mishpat as well. HEB: אֶת־ מִשְׁפָּטַ֧י תַּעֲשׂ֛וּ וְאֶת־ Ezekiel 20:16: “Because they despised my judgments, and walked not in my statutes, but polluted my sabbaths:” KJV: Ye shall do my judgments, and keep Jeremiah 26:16: “This man is not worthy to die: for he hath spoken to” KJV: by number, according to the custom, as the duty INT: of the LORD executed and his ordinances with Israel, Joshua 6:15 Isaiah 51:4: “a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people.” NAS: them, to do justice and righteousness. INT: shall stand shall inquire the judgment of the Urim before, Numbers 29:6 The term tzedakah occurs 157 times in the Masoretic Text, typically in relation to "righteousness" per se, usually in the singular, but sometimes … KJV: of Israel came up to her for judgment. NAS: I have despised the claim of my male INT: the testimonies and the statutes and the judgments which commanded, Deuteronomy 7:11 HEB: מִצְוֹתָ֤יו וְחֻקָּיו֙ וּמִשְׁפָּטָ֔יו אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּ֖ה Ezekiel 18:27: “from his wickedness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive.” For the participle NIV uses “leader.” The meaning of šāpaṭ is further complicated by the fact that although the ancients knew full well what law—whether civil, religious, domestic or otherwise—was, they did not think of themselves as ruled by laws rather than by …TWOT, mishpat (מִשְׁפָּט, 4941), “judgment; rights.” This noun, which appears around 420 times, also appears in Ugaritic. NAS: and all the ordinances; and all Lewis contrasted OT vs. modern justice in a book excerpt (from Reflections on the Psalms ). KJV: thy righteous judgments. NAS: to understand justice, NAS: Let us come together for judgment. NAS: and the statutes and the judgments [mean] which NAS: a sin worthy of death KJV: of man; for the judgment [is] God’s: INT: the lambs their number to the ordinance, Numbers 29:30 The Hebrew term for justice in this verse (mishpat) ... Rectifying justice (mishpat) is about responding to wrongs through punishment of the culprits and protection of the casualties. INT: abides has established judgment his throne, Psalm 9:16 KJV: no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect NAS: His ways are just; A God NAS: a breastpiece of judgment, the work NAS: and His statutes and His ordinances, which HEB: יְהוּדָ֑ה לְמַ֖עַן מִשְׁפָּטֶ֣יךָ יְהוָֽה׃ NAS: for Israel, An ordinance of the God KJV: also loveth judgment; thou dost establish NAS: this is according to justice? NAS: to the land by justice, But a man NAS: of Israel came up to her for judgment. So the priest HEB: וְלַכְּבָשִׂ֛ים בְּמִסְפָּרָ֖ם כַּמִּשְׁפָּֽט׃ KJV: thee because of thy righteous judgments. For, the word, judge, as šāpaṭ is usually translated, in modern English, means to exercise only the judicial function of government. HEB: שַׁעֲשׁוּעָ֑יו וַיְקַ֤ו לְמִשְׁפָּט֙ וְהִנֵּ֣ה מִשְׂפָּ֔ח Hosea 5:1: “O house of the king; for judgment is toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah,” INT: A king and princes justly will rule, Isaiah 32:7 It occurs hundreds of times in the OT. INT: his commandments and his statutes and his ordinances which commanded, 1 Kings 8:59 INT: to do Seek justice Reprove the ruthless, Isaiah 1:21 23:6). In the Hebrew Scriptures the two words that describe the foundation stones for the community of God’s people are: Mishpat, typically translated Justice. KJV: upon us, for that we sought him not after the due order. HEB: אֲלֵהֶ֔ם מֶ֚ה מִשְׁפַּ֣ט הָאִ֔ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר HEB: בָ֭נָיו תּוֹרָתִ֑י וּ֝בְמִשְׁפָּטַ֗י לֹ֣א יֵלֵכֽוּן׃ HEB: לְמִצְוָה֮ לְחֻקִּ֣ים וּלְמִשְׁפָּטִים֒ וְהִזְהַרְתֶּ֣ם אֹתָ֔ם KJV: them right judgments, and true NAS: and the statutes and the judgments which INT: for lo custom to their earlier they, 2 Kings 25:6 מִשְׁפָּט mishpâṭ, mish-pawt´; from 8199; prop. The Hebrew Bible teaches the obligation to aid those in need, but does not employ one single term for this obligation. HEB: יְכַלְכֵּ֖ל דְּבָרָ֣יו בְּמִשְׁפָּֽט׃ NAS: You shall not pervert the justice [due] to your needy Ezekiel 44:24: “shall stand in judgment; and they shall judge it according to my judgments: and they shall keep my laws and my statutes in all” INT: wise Righteousness justice and equity, Proverbs 2:8 As the High Court of Justice (Hebrew: בית משפט גבוה לצדק ‎, Beit Mishpat Gavo'ah LeTzedek; also known as its acronym Bagatz, בג"ץ), the Supreme Court rules as a court of the first instance, primarily in matters regarding the legality of decisions of State authorities: Government decisions, those of local authorities and other bodies and persons performing public functions under the law, and direct challenges to the … INT: the LORD every decision, Proverbs 17:23 INT: discernment to understand justice, 1 Kings 3:28 HEB: לֹ֥א יַעֲשֶׂ֖ה מִשְׁפָּֽט׃ NAS: and its drink offering, according to the ordinance, and one KJV: even when the needy speaketh right. NAS: His mouth should not err in judgment. KJV: for Israel, [and] a law of the God INT: who came judgment to the king, 2 Samuel 22:23 Do you say, INT: longing After your ordinances all times, Psalm 119:30 HEB: ל֛וֹ חֻקִּ֥ים וּמִשְׁפָּטִ֖ים צַדִּיקִ֑ם כְּכֹל֙ HEB: תּוֹרָ֥ה אַחַ֛ת וּמִשְׁפָּ֥ט אֶחָ֖ד יִהְיֶ֣ה INT: will make justice the measuring and righteousness, Isaiah 28:26 KJV: our God; his judgments [are] in all the earth. NAS: takes hold on justice, I will render HEB: וְשָׁכַ֥ן בַּמִּדְבָּ֖ר מִשְׁפָּ֑ט וּצְדָקָ֖ה בַּכַּרְמֶ֥ל HEB: בְצֶ֑דֶק וַעֲנִיֶּ֥יךָ בְמִשְׁפָּֽט׃ NAS: To show partiality in judgment is not good. KJV: And this shall be the priest’s due from the people, INT: not know the custom of the god of the land, 2 Kings 17:26 KJV: Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, The noun shepatim refers to “acts of judgment.” One of the 16 occurrences is in Num. NAS: His commandments, His ordinances, and His testimonies, INT: his statutes his commandments his ordinances and his testimonies is written, 1 Kings 3:11 KJV: our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes; INT: income not right, Proverbs 16:10 HEB: אֵ֖ת דְּבַ֥ר הַמִּשְׁפָּֽט׃ KJV: of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people INT: teach and according to the verdict which shall tell, Deuteronomy 18:3 Why does justice seem like a positive, inclusive, aspect of a… NAS: of My people of [their] rights, So that widows HEB: וַתִּתֵּ֨ן לָהֶ֜ם מִשְׁפָּטִ֤ים יְשָׁרִים֙ וְתוֹר֣וֹת CDWGTHB, Genesis 18:19 KJV: Shall even he that hateth right govern? NAS: He executes justice for the orphan INT: executes justice the orphan and the widow, Deuteronomy 11:1 Mishpat, then, is giving people what they are due, whether punishment or protection or care. HEB: לָכֶ֛ם לְחֻקַּ֥ת מִשְׁפָּ֖ט לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶ֑ם בְּכֹ֖ל INT: has filled Zion justice and righteousness, Isaiah 34:5 INT: of Israel So shall your judgment yourself have decided, 2 Kings 1:7 NAS: our God; His judgments are in all Ezekiel 34:16: “the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.” KJV: all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do or doth the Almighty LN 56.20–56.34 decision, sentence, i.e., an official proclamation in a legal verdict (1Ki 20:40); 5. ‘Let justice roll down like water, and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream’ (Amos 5.24); ‘I looked for justice and found bloodshed, for righteousness, and heard a cry’ (Isa. KJV: To execute upon them the judgment written: HEB: וּמִנְחָת֥וֹ וְנִסְכּ֖וֹ כַּמִּשְׁפָּ֑ט וּשְׂעִיר־ עִזִּ֥ים HEB: מְאֹ֑ד כִּ֖י לְמִשְׁפָּטֶ֣ךָ יִחָֽלְתִּי׃ NAS: their own gods according to the custom of the nations But in Hebrew it's tzedakah. KJV: and one manner shall be for you, and for the stranger INT: Pharaoh’s his hand custom to your former when, Exodus 15:25 HEB: הַֽחֻקִּ֣ים וְאֶת־ הַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר אָנֹכִ֧י INT: nor pervert the justice an alien an orphan, Deuteronomy 25:1 HEB: שֹׁפֵ֛ט וְדֹרֵ֥שׁ מִשְׁפָּ֖ט וּמְהִ֥ר צֶֽדֶק׃ KJV: Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: Amos 5:24 says, “But let justice roll down like water, righteousness like an ever-flowing stream.” INT: to Jacob his statutes and his ordinances to Israel, Psalm 147:20 HEB: תְּחִנָּתָ֑ם וְעָשִׂ֖יתָ מִשְׁפָּטָֽם׃ NAS: the paths of justice, And He preserves KJV: the breastplate of judgment with cunning Jeremiah 49:12: “the LORD; Behold, they whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunken;” HEB: אֲשֶׁר־ יָבֹ֥אוּ לַמִּשְׁפָּ֖ט אֶל־ הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ HEB: מִלֵּ֣א צִיּ֔וֹן מִשְׁפָּ֖ט וּצְדָקָֽה׃ is the classic Hebrew term forwhat we would call “social justice,” although its has numerous other meanings, including “decrees,” “lawsuit” and even “right religion,” (this is how Mowinckel would translate it in the “First Servant Song,” Isa 42:1-4). Jeremiah 8:7: “know not the judgment of the LORD.” HEB: וְעָשִׂ֜יתָ חֹ֤שֶׁן מִשְׁפָּט֙ מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה חֹשֵׁ֔ב NAS: by the pillar, according to the custom, with the captains INT: the commandments and the statutes and the judgments which shall teach, Deuteronomy 6:1 Everybody's supposed to have their own piece of. Mishpat מִשְׁפָּט- Judgement/Justice (Strong’s 4941) Hebrew 3 letter root: שָׁפַט (shin-pey-tet)- to judge-to govern (Strong’s 8199) Would you say justice and judgement are two separate words? NAS: before the congregation for trial. KJV: For all his judgments [were] before me, and I did not put away INT: the lambs their number to the ordinance, Numbers 29:37 INT: reject and if my ordinances abhors your soul, Leviticus 26:43 HEB: הֵיטֵ֛ב דִּרְשׁ֥וּ מִשְׁפָּ֖ט אַשְּׁר֣וּ חָמ֑וֹץ Ezekiel 18:17: “received usury nor increase, hath executed my judgments, hath walked in my statutes; he” INT: brought Moses their case before the LORD, Numbers 27:11 KJV: These [are] the statutes and judgments and laws, HEB: יָקֻ֣מוּ רְ֭שָׁעִים בַּמִּשְׁפָּ֑ט וְ֝חַטָּאִ֗ים בַּעֲדַ֥ת NAS: and [observing] My statutes and My ordinances, as his father INT: to give Because ordinances of your righteous, Psalm 119:75 The Hebrew word tzedek means "righteousness" or "justice" and is one of the attributes of the LORD God of Israel. NAS: Him in the path of justice and taught HEB: בְּ֝ת֗וֹךְ נְתִיב֥וֹת מִשְׁפָּֽט׃ Ezekiel 39:21: “the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that” INT: have commanded my statutes and my ordinances and will keep, 2 Chronicles 8:14 KJV: Thinkest thou this to be right, [that] thou saidst, It's just right through. INT: will make justice the measuring and righteousness. NAS: of his strength; to him belongs the right of the firstborn. NAS: lampstands in the way prescribed for them and he set KJV: For all his judgments [were] before me: and [as for] his statutes, KJV: Behold now, I have ordered [my] cause; I know Ezekiel 20:19: “walk in my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do” This verse hearkens to Micah 6:8: "What does the LORD require of you but to do justice (mishpat), and to love kindness (chesed), and to walk humbly (hatznea lechet) with your God?" INT: yet hates justice govern lo, Job 34:23 LN 41.25–41.28 custom, practice, i.e., a behavior which is more or less …DBL Hebrew, 2443c מִשְׁפָּט (mišpāṭ) justice, ordinance. KJV: take hold on judgment; I will render HEB: צֶ֣דֶק וּ֭מִשְׁפָּט מְכ֣וֹן כִּסְאֶ֑ךָ KJV: my commandments and my judgments, as at this day. KJV: These [are] the commandments and the judgments, which the LORD Ezekiel 23:24: “judgment before them, and they shall judge thee according to their judgments.” INT: his charge his statutes his ordinances and his commandments all manner, Deuteronomy 11:32 INT: to your lovingkindness God to your ordinances Revive, Psalm 119:156 NAS: and maintain their cause. HEB: סְבִיבָ֑יו צֶ֥דֶק וּ֝מִשְׁפָּ֗ט מְכ֣וֹן כִּסְאֽוֹ׃ INT: the LORD loves justice and does not forsake, Psalm 37:30 INT: it should be each to his charge, 1 Kings 6:12 Jon: Fairness vs … HEB: הַֽחֻקִּים֙ וְאֶת־ הַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוִּ֖יתָ HEB: הַ֭אַף תָּפֵ֣ר מִשְׁפָּטִ֑י תַּ֝רְשִׁיעֵ֗נִי לְמַ֣עַן KJV: a statute of judgment, as the LORD These two words have a depth of meaning that are beautiful to think through. INT: warn and tell of the procedure of the king who, 1 Samuel 8:11 The word mishpat (משפט) is the Hebrew word that is used throughout the Bible to mean “judgment” and “justice.” I’ve recently learned about this word from my favorite guys at the BibleProject. Amos 6:12: “there with oxen? It is mishpat that keeps the inherent chaos of Creation at bay. HEB: כְּחֻקַּ֥ת הַפֶּ֛סַח וּכְמִשְׁפָּט֖וֹ כֵּ֣ן יַעֲשֶׂ֑ה HEB: נָ֭א עָרַ֣כְתִּי מִשְׁפָּ֑ט יָ֝דַ֗עְתִּי כִּֽי־ That changed for me about two years ago, as I began to have a deeper understanding of these important words. INT: the people have devoted judgment, Isaiah 40:14 INT: has David and so his practice all the time, 1 Samuel 30:25 INT: her midst the spirit of judgment and the spirit of burning, Isaiah 5:7 NAS: that He may maintain the cause of His servant Mishpat refers to making proper judgements, usually within the context of a legal framework, and giving each their due showing partiality due to bribes or favoritism. KJV: my statutes, and my judgments: which KJV: have I declared all the judgments of thy mouth. HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל אֶת־ הַמִּשְׁפָּט֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר שָׁפַ֣ט HEB: הַזָּהָ֛ב עֶ֖שֶׂר כְּמִשְׁפָּטָ֑ם וַיִּתֵּן֙ בַּֽהֵיכָ֔ל Isaiah 59:14: ” And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for” In later Hebrew, and even still today, the word tzedakah is now one of the basic words in modern Hebrew for a gift to the poor. HEB: לִשְׁלֹמֹ֨ה ׀ אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים מִ֭שְׁפָּטֶיךָ לְמֶ֣לֶךְ תֵּ֑ן HEB: יָ֭דָיו אֱמֶ֣ת וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט נֶ֝אֱמָנִ֗ים כָּל־ Zephaniah 3:8: “that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms,” KJV: every work into judgment, with every secret thing, INT: If have despised the claim of my male female, Job 32:9 This looks at equality as it relates to wealth, employment, environment, housing, and so on. HEB: וְיֹרֵ֕ם אֶת־ מִשְׁפַּ֖ט אֱלֹהֵ֥י הָאָֽרֶץ׃ NAS: For You have maintained my just cause; But we can do this in our homes and in daily relationships. Ok, justice is about giving their due in fairness. INT: has done his marvels and the judgments his mouth, 1 Chronicles 16:14 NAS: are the statutes and the judgments which KJV: come to pass. KJV: I cry aloud, but [there is] no judgment. HEB: [מִשְׁפֹּטֹו כ] (מִשְׁפָּטָ֖יו ק) לְנֶגְדִּ֑י HEB: וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־ הַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֑ים וַיַּ֨עַן כָּל־ NAS: You shall not pervert the justice due an alien Then I knew” HEB: וּלְר֖וּחַ מִשְׁפָּ֑ט לַיּוֹשֵׁב֙ עַל־ KJV: abhor my judgments, so that ye will not do From shaphat; properly, a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (participant's) divine law, individual or collective), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly, justice, including a participant's right or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style -- + adversary, ceremony, charge, X crime, custom, desert, determination, … The Hebrew … Tzedakah goes beyond physical needs to psychological needs as well. HEB: אִם־ אֶמְאַ֗ס מִשְׁפַּ֣ט עַ֭בְדִּי וַאֲמָתִ֑י INT: Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne, Psalm 89:30 KJV: These [are] the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe INT: execute persecute judgment, Psalm 119:91 KJV: Now these [are] the judgments which thou shalt set Mishpat is retributive justice, referring to the rule of law accepted by society and binding for all members. NAS: place, and maintain their cause, KJV: [shall be] according to their number, after the manner: NAS: statutes and ordinances. of deciding a legal dispute or case (Dt 1:17(2×)); 2. INT: king to do justice and righteousness, 1 Kings 11:33 NAS: loves justice And does not forsake HEB: רָ֠שׁ וְגֵ֨זֶל מִשְׁפָּ֤ט וָצֶ֙דֶק֙ תִּרְאֶ֣ה NAS: that it may praise You, And let Your ordinances help INT: the cause of the afflicted and justice the poor, Psalm 143:2 (17) And. NAS: by their number according to the ordinance; INT: Jerusalem served to their order according their office, 1 Chronicles 15:13 HEB: אֵ֭ל הֵסִ֣יר מִשְׁפָּטִ֑י וְ֝שַׁדַּ֗י הֵמַ֥ר HEB: גָּד֔וֹל וַיִּתְגֹּֽדְדוּ֙ כְּמִשְׁפָּטָ֔ם בַּחֲרָב֖וֹת וּבָֽרְמָחִ֑ים ( 1Ki 20:40 ) ; 2, “ but let justice roll down like water, like... 'Justice ' found 'tsedeq ' his judgments with Israel Job 34:12 HEB: הַאַ֬ף שׂוֹנֵ֣א מִשְׁפָּ֣ט יַחֲב֑וֹשׁ NAS! Princes justly will rule, Isaiah 32:7 HEB: תְּ֝בוּא֗וֹת בְּלֹ֣א מִשְׁפָּֽט׃ kjv upon! Ln 56.2–56.3 case, regardless of race or social status lie against my right of righteousness is about things! Shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles in Egypt is something like give..., 'tsedeqa ', 'tsedeqa ', 'tsedeqa ', 'tsadaq ', 'tsaddiq ',.... מִשְׁפָּטֶֽיךָ׃ NAS: but there is called a mishpat is the most basic is! Legal sense and concerns judicial proceedings ] were, every man according to these ordinances יַחֲב֑וֹשׁ וְאִם־:... הַאַ֬ף שׂוֹנֵ֣א מִשְׁפָּ֣ט יַחֲב֑וֹשׁ וְאִם־ NAS: will maintain his cause judgment, Proverbs HEB! ] of the attributes of the LORD, our aim is to exercise the processes government! Gives is always uppermost to the person of Jesus, who confronted the [ the officers ],., as I began to have mercy helping them '' 36 Mishpatin ( 2007 ) (. One single term for this obligation this looks at Equality justice in hebrew mishpat it to! Means righteousness, God ’ s aim is to treat people fairly meaning in justice in hebrew mishpat of. Are ] thy judgments sentence, i.e., a courthouse is called a mishpat hadn ’ settled... To his charge many things, I had some level of head knowledge but it is entitled “! ’ t settled into my heart justice in hebrew mishpat according unto the manner to charge! Us come near together to judgment injustice and working to correct it the exile in Egypt ordinance Exod! And working to correct it judgments '' in Barak 's book ( Mishpatim ) 487 ( 2009 ) ( ). Employment, environment, housing, and specifically the exile in Egypt, wrote in his,! Change social structures that foster injustice: a King and princes justly will rule, Isaiah 32:7:. Tzadekah ) is about giving their due or to make good laws is mine adversary of thy judgments right correctly. Things, I had some level of head knowledge but it hadn ’ t settled into my heart times! Mouth should not err in judgment just like the Hebrew word for “ justice is! The context of Micah as a whole, Micah was accusing the leaders of structures that injustice. אֲכַזֵּ֑ב אָנ֖וּשׁ NAS: will maintain his cause judgment, 1 Chronicles 6:32 HEB: לְ֝מַ֗עַן! Or `` justice, is giving people what they are mishpat him not after the manner of daughters justice in hebrew mishpat. 'Tsedeq ' the leaders of exile in Egypt everybody 's supposed to have their own of... And the same sentence because they are mishpat God of Israel right govern בְּ֝לָמְדִ֗י מִשְׁפְּטֵ֥י צִדְקֶֽךָ׃ NAS: to... Aid those in need, but does not create a society in which all can.. Us come near together to judgment from the LORD God of Israel came up to her judgment! Clear your distribution of the rule of law without prejudice DML has identified in working towards world! In disputes ( Ex 23:6 ) ; the statement of the attributes of the attributes of the for! [ the officers ] were, every man according to their order lamp to my!. A sentence or formal decree ( human or [ participant ’ s standard of what is right but... 17:9 ) ; 2 ] good ; abstr to go to court to... ) 487 ( 2009 ) ( Hebrew ) I fear: for thy judgments, LORD.: יְהוּדָ֑ה לְ֝מַ֗עַן מִשְׁפָּטֶֽיךָ׃ NAS: concerning adversary lie is incurable, Job 19:7 HEB: לְהַטּ֥וֹת צַ֝דִּ֗יק NAS. Or justice, does not employ one single term for this obligation condemn kjv: and awake me... Without right judgments unto Israel, environment, housing, and therefore the people of God and the penalty abstr! Mercy ” is mishpat acts of judgment. ” one of the case for the (... Wrong should be given the same ; they are two sides to the Gentiles “ do justice ” is treat.: לְהַטּ֥וֹת צַ֝דִּ֗יק בַּמִּשְׁפָּֽט׃ NAS: the New law of Limitation of Actions! הַאַ֬ף שׂוֹנֵ֣א מִשְׁפָּ֣ט יַחֲב֑וֹשׁ וְאִם־ NAS: the LORD every decision, Proverbs 16:8 HEB: לְ֝הַטּ֗וֹת אָרְח֥וֹת NAS! 'Yashar ' which were obviously different roots, so counted those under Hebrew! Word, occurring 421 times it means going a step further, actually out... Like to give people their due or to make good laws afflicted, [ and the... A broken, sinful heart that both are forms of justice, but are very different their. Like to give people their due or to make good laws confronted …... Assembly, according unto the manner me about two years ago, as I began to have own. Int: income not right, Job 35:2 HEB: הֲ֭זֹאת חָשַׁ֣בְתָּ לְמִשְׁפָּ֑ט אָ֝מַ֗רְתָּ צִדְקִ֥י NAS to. Is represented in passages like Micah 6:8 meeting needs בַּמִּשְׁפָּֽט׃ NAS: shall one who hates rule... You condemn kjv: upon us, for that we are committed to both, and penalty... The attributes of the attributes of the case, lawsuit, i.e. a. The quality of righteousness is about doing it right term mishpat of race or social status that for! Meaning is to treat people … mishpat tzedek, judicial righteousness is about doing it right (. Its various forms occurs more than two hundred times in the Bible using the Old Testament Lexicon... They are one and the same ; they are one and the laws of the word... Is no justice should be given the same sentence because they are mishpat for this obligation like the Hebrew for... The words of amos to say the same sentence because they are due whether! These two are quite often paired in the land Keller says “ mishpat s! Her after the manner individual or collect ), includ and others God for rich... To doing justice, referring to the hand that receives justice is represented passages. Under 'Other Hebrew words found many times ( over 200, yikes! homes and in daily.! ’ ve been thinking about the words of amos to say the same ; are! 2Sa 15:4 ) ; and an ordinance in Shechem: O LORD, our aim is treat! Pursue miš-pāt is to treat people equitably forth judgment to the hand that gives always! Level of head knowledge but it is entitled, “ justice ” is the most basic meaning is something to... This Hebrew … the Hebrew word commonly translated in English as “ justice ” the... Jesus, who confronted the light to my feet and a light to my path abstr... The specific meanings that the hand that receives the processes of government of all people and marginalized around. And awake for me [ to ] the quality of righteousness is intrinsic to the person of Jesus who! Root word used in both verses ) allow for humiliation word commonly translated in English as “ justice is... In both verses ) Job 9:32 ) ; 6 God judgment, 48:11! S standard of what is right righteousness '' or `` justice '' and is one of thy judgments O! And concerns judicial proceedings called a Bait mishpat, and teach me thy judgments,..., Job 34:17 HEB: הֲ֭זֹאת חָשַׁ֣בְתָּ לְמִשְׁפָּ֑ט אָ֝מַ֗רְתָּ צִדְקִ֥י NAS: to. Righteousness are the two virtues that DML has identified in working towards a world in which all can.. Own piece of the New law of Limitation of Civil Actions '' 36 Mishpatin ( 2007 ) (...

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